Most popular plant for bedding and in groups with extensive colour effects. Also used for plantings on graves and edgings.
This series is especially early and winter hardy.
Prefers loose, rich, humous soil with sufficient moisture.
Genus - Viola
Species - Wittrockiana
Variety - Lilienstein
Common name - Winter Pansy
Pre-Treatment - Not-required
Plant type - Annual or biennial flower
Hardiness zones - 5 - 8
Exposure - Full Sun, Partial Sun
Height - 0,15 - 0,20 m
Spread - 0,20 - 0,25 m
Growth rate - Fast
Bloom season - March - May, October - November
Leaf / Flower color - Green / Shades of violet
Soil PH - Neutral
Soil type - Loamy, rich, humous
Water requirements - Average Water
Landscape uses - Beds, borders, graves, pots
Sow inside or outside from June to August.
Violas do better with stratification, a process of subjecting seeds to moist/cold treatment to break the seeds dormancy. Indoors, sow seeds into moistened soil or vermiculite and place in the refrigerator or freezer for about 5 days. After that:
1. Fill plastic germination cell pots with moist germination soil mix.
2. Make a small hole with the pencil and put one little tiny seed into each.
3. Cover them lightly with the soil that got pushed away by making the hole. (seeds will germinate with no light)
4. Mist them with a spray bottle and cover the tray with clear plastic.
5. Place in a sunny window in a room that never goes below ~+16C at night and stays about +22C during the day.
7. When they start to germinate remove the cover to allow or air circulation.