It is a deciduous shrub growing to 4-5 m tall. The bark is gray and rough and has a scaly texture. The stems arch and are very dense, and the twigs are a reddish-brown color. The leaves are opposite, three-lobed, 6-12 cm long and 5-10 cm broad, with a rounded base and serrated margins. They are superficially similar to many maple leaves, most easily distinguished by their somewhat wrinkled surface with impressed leaf venation.
The flowers are white, produced in corymbs up to 13 cm diameter at the top of the stems; each corymb comprises a ring of outer sterile flowers 2-2.5 cm diameter with conspicuous petals, surrounding a center of small (5 mm), fertile flowers; the flowers are pollinated by insects.
The fruit is an oblong red drupe 15 mm long and 12 mm broad, containing a single flat, white seed. Plants begin to produce fruit at approximately five years of age; when animals, including birds, eat the fruits, they deposit the seeds in another location in their droppings.
Although often called "Highbush Cranberry", it is not a cranberry. The name comes from the red fruits which look superficially like cranberries, and have a similar flavor and ripen at the same time of year. The fruits, sour and rich in vitamin C, can be eaten raw or cooked into a sauce to serve with meat or game. Prefers full sun to partrial shade, fertile, moist, well – drained soil. (info source: wikipedia.org)
An easily grown plant, it succeeds in most soils but is ill-adapted for poor soils and for dry situations. It grows well in heavy clay soils. Established plants are drought tolerant. Prefers a deep rich loamy soil in sun or semi-shade. Best if given shade from the early morning sun in spring. This species is considered by some botanists to be no more than a superior fruiting form of V. opulus that was taken to America by early settlers. Occasionally cultivated for its edible fruit, there are some named varieties. The fruit is very attractive to birds. Some reports say that this species is self-fertile whilst others say it is self-incompatible. It is probably best to grow at least two different cultivars in order to produce fruit and fertile seed.
Genus - Viburnum
Species - Trilobum
Common name - High Bush Cranberry
Pre-Treatment - Required
Hardiness zones - 2 - 7
Height - 10'-20' / 3 - 5 m
Spread - 5'-12' / 2 - 3 m
Plant type - Shrub / Tree
Vegetation type - Deciduous
Exposure - Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade, Full Shade
Growth rate - Medium
Soil PH - Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline
Soil type - Clay, loam, sand, well drained
Water requirements - Average
Landscape uses - Feature Plant, Hedges, Screening / Wind Break
Bloom season - Spring
Leaf / Flower color - Green / White
1. Soak seeds in warm water for 24 hours.
2. Sow seeds so they are just covered or nestled among soil particles in a seed tray. Use a peat-based potting mix that drains well and remains moist. Or, incorporate sand into the peat mix to create a moist, well-draining, fine-particle soil.
3. Place the seedling tray in a brightly lit (not baking in direct sun) garden location, greenhouse or indoor room where the temperature hovers around +20C (68F) for a period of three months. Keep the soil moist, but never wet/soggy. This is a "warm season stratification".
4. Relocate the seedling tray to the cold frame outdoors (or a refrigerator) where the temperature hovers around +2-+4C (36-40F) for 2 months. Keep the soil barely moist.
5. Remove from the cold stratification area and again place the seedling tray into a warm, bright location where the temperature is around +18-+20C (64-68F). Keep the tray exposed to this warm environment for three to six months. Look for any germinating seeds. If none is seen, repeat the process again. (info source: eHow.com).
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