Stately spires in a lovely colour range
A delightful addition to perennial borders, with slim stately spires in a range of subtle colours, above rosettes of deep green leaves.
Relatively unknown by gardeners, the Mullein is a worthwhile perennial, especially for hot sunny sites. Plants form a low, ground-hugging rosette of crinkly green leaves, bearing upright stems or spikes of flowers in a range of soft pastel colours, from white through pink to rose and purple. Stems are tall and excellent for cutting. Although not a long-lived perennial, these usually self-sow.
Most effective when planted in groups towards the middle of the border. Also interesting in tubs or mixed containers.
Its favorite locations are dry, stony hillsides and open woodland areas. It adapts well to informal cottage gardens, gravel beds and rock gardens. Do not plant purple mullein in wet areas around ponds, streams or runoff areas.
The leaf rosettes stay evergreen in mild winters, but cold weather will kill the leaves to the ground. The roots can survive temperatures down to -20 degrees Fahrenheit. During the summer while blooming, purple mullein enjoys the warmth of full sun exposure. It will tolerate light shade, but will not flower as much in limited sunlight.
Soil composition is important to purple mullein plants, which grow best when planted in the ground and not in containers. Provide well-drained soil that stays on the dry side, since purple mullein does not survive wet roots. Do not plant purple mullein in fertile soil. Too much fertility causes the mullein to grow too quickly to develop a strong stem. The weak stems flop over, cutting the flowering season short. This is a plant for poor soil conditions where other plants have trouble surviving. This biennial plant prefers a slightly alkaline to neutral soil pH.
Information source: http://www.perennials.com
Genus - Verbascum
Species - phoeniceum
Variety - mix
Common name - Purple Mullein
Pre-Treatment - Not-required
Hardiness zones - 5 - 9
Height - 0.90 m
Spread - 0.30 - 0.45 m
Plant type - Perennial flower
Exposure - Full Sun
Growth rate - Fast
Soil PH - Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline
Soil type - Normal to sandy, well drained
Water requirements - Average, high
Landscape uses - Accent plant, Good Texture/Form, Attracts Butterflies and Hummingbirds, for borders, containers, Cut Flower, mass plantings
Bloom season - May - August
Leaf / Flower color - Green / Deep Pink, Light Pink, Lilac, Purple, White
1. Sow from January to March in trays of moist compost.
2. Sow thinly and cover with a fine layer of compost. Cover with glass, polythene or propagator lid.
3. Keep at +13C. Seedlings appear in 14-28 days.
4. Remove cover when seedlings appear. When large enough transplant to individual pots. Stand outside for a few days late in May (avoid frosts).
1. Sow from April to May in a prepared seed bed.
2. Keep trays in cold frame or cool greenhouse.
3. When large enough thin to 10 cm apart. Plant out 30 cm apart in final position in September to October.
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