The dandelion, a dreaded perennial lawn weed that children love to spread joyously as they pick and blow their puffy seedheads hither and yon. One can’t deny their spring flowers are cheerful, and if you have a foraging instinct for natural food their young greens are very tasty, but watch out for those seedheads. Just a small breeze will send hundreds of parachute seeds all across the landscape, and almost all will germinate digging their hard-to-pull taproots deep into the soil. Even though dandelions cover much of the North American landscape, they are actually native to Eurasia. Early settlers brought them to the Americas for food. Thanks early settlers.
Growing from a long, white taproot, the dandelion creates a basal rosette of elongated leaves with jagged edges. The leaves often remain semi-evergreen where winters are milder but will fully die back in cold winter weather. In spring multiple hollow, rubbery stems rise from the center of the rosettes each topped with a fluffy golden yellow flowerhead. The head holds hundreds of sunny ray florets that mature into seeds. Bees are the primary pollinators, but this doesn’t make much difference because dandelions are self-fertile, meaning they can produce seed with or without pollinators.
They thrive in full or partial sun and most soil types as long as they are well-drained, moderately fertile and friable.
The young, tender leaves may be harvested and cooked as a mildly bitter green. The blossoms can also be eaten or used to make jelly or wine. Make sure if any part of the dandelion is used for edible purposes, it is not taken from a field where herbicides are applied.
Information source: http://www.learn2grow.com
Genus - Taraxacum
Species - Officinale
Common name - Dandelion
Pre-Treatment - Not-required
Hardiness zones - 3 - 9
Height - 0,15 - 0,30 m
Spread - 0,25 m
Plant type - Perennial
Exposure - Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade
Growth rate - Fast
Soil PH - Neutral
Soil type - Clay, loam, sand
Water requirements - Average, well drained
Landscape uses - Edible, Herb
Sow from March to April in rows, cover flat with soil, press in and keep moist.
The germination takes place after about 25 days at +15-18C. Afterwards separate to 10-15 cm.
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