A decidious Shrub growing to 6m. It is hardy to zone 3. It is in flower from May to June, and the seeds ripen from September to November. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects.
The plant prefers light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and requires well-drained soil. The plant prefers acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very alkaline soil. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It requires dry or moist soil.
An easily grown plant, it thrives in almost any soil, including chalk, and is particularly suited to dry shaded areas. Prefers a well-drained loamy soil. If cultivated for its latex it is best grown in a dry open position. A very cold-hardy plant, tolerating temperatures down to about -25C. A very ornamental plant, there are many named varieties. This species is often damaged by caterpillars during the flowering season. It is a favoured home for blackfly, so should not be grown near broad beans.
Genus - Euonymus
Species - Europaeus
Common name - European Spindle Tree
Pre-Treatment - Required
Hardiness zones - 4 - 7
Height - 12'-30' / 4 - 9 m
Spread - 10'-25' / 3 - 8 m
Plant type - Large Shrub
Vegetation type - Ornamental decidious
Exposure - Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade
Growth rate - Fast
Soil PH - Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline
Soil type - Clay, loam, sand, well drained
Water requirements - Average, drought tolerant
Landscape uses - Hedges, Screening / Wind Break
Bloom season - Late Spring
Leaf / Flower color - Green / Yellow - green
1. Soak seeds for 24 hours in a warm water
2. Stratify for 2-3 months in dampened peat or sand, in a plastic box or bag at +4C (40F) in a refrigerator. The seeds should not be frozen or in a wet medium.
3. After the pretreatment, sow about 5 mm deep in a well drained seed sowing mix at about +10-+20C (50-70F).
Euonymus seeds will usually germinate in 20-365 days, even under good conditions germination may be erratic.
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