Turkish black pine is a ubiquitous large evergreen tree native to southeastern Europe. Pyramidal when young, it eventually forms a high-crowned, broad-headed tree. The needles are long and stiff; the bark is dark brown and platy. Tolerant of urban and seaside conditions, it prefers sun and well-drained soil. It is susceptible to twig blight.
Succeeds on all soil types, including chalk. Thrives in a light well-drained sandy or gravelly loam. Dislikes poorly drained moorland soils. Established plants tolerate drought. Requires a sunny position. A very hardy tree, it is extensively planted for timber and shelter, tolerating maritime exposure. Fast growing when young.
Plants are strongly outbreeding, self-fertilized seed usually grows poorly. They hybridize freely with other members of this genus. Leaf secretions inhibit the germination of seeds, thereby reducing the amount of plants that can grow beneath the tree.
Genus - Pinus
Species - Nigra
Variety - Caramanica
Common name - Turkish Black Pine
Pre-Treatment - Required
Hardiness zones - 5 - 9
Height - 40'-65' / 12 - 20 m
Spread - 30'-50' / 9 - 15 m
Plant type - Tree
Vegetation type - Evergreen
Exposure - Sunny
Growth rate - Medium
Soil PH - Acidic, Neutral
Soil type - Clay, Loam, Sand, Well Drained
Water requirements - Drought tolerant, average water
Landscape uses - Feature Plant, Shade Trees, Street Trees
Leaf / Flower color - Green / --
1. Place the seeds in a container with tepid water and soak them for 24 hours.
2. Put the seeds in a small plastic bag and cover with damp sand. Place the bag holding the seeds in the refrigerator for one month to stratify the seeds, which is preserving seeds in layers of moisture-laden peat, soil or sand. Check the sand and water as needed to maintain moisture. Don't allow the seeds to get soaked.
3. Fill small pots with compost. Place one or two pine seeds on top of the compost in each pot, then cover the seeds with 6 mm of sand or vermiculite.
4. Water the sand and compost to add moisture, then place the pots in a warm, sunny location. As the seedlings emerge and grow, the soil needs to remain moist, not wet.
5. Repot the pine trees into medium-sized pots in the fall. Grow them in the pots for the following season until they are large and strong enough for transplanting into the landscape.
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