Piper nigrum is a tropical plant that produces the popular black pepper of commerce that have been used for many years as culinary spices or seasonings. This species is native to southern India and Sri Lanka. It has been used in Indian cooking since at least 2000 B. C. Today, it is commercially grown in a number of additional tropical areas including Malabar, Malacca, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, the Philippines, Japan and the West Indies.
This is a woody stemmed perennial evergreen vine that typically grows to 3-4.5m (10-15') tall and as wide, but may reach 9 m (30') tall in its native habitat.
This pepper vine is a tropical plant that is best grown in tropical areas where temperatures typically range throughout the year from 13-32C (55-90F). It is best grown in sun dappled areas or areas with bright indirect sun. It needs a support structure (e.g., wooden frame or prop tree).
Outside of tropical areas, it may be grown in conservatories or greenhouses. It may also be grown in containers as a houseplant with an attached trellis or in a hanging basket. Containers may be taken outside for the warm summer months. Use a rich potting soil with good drainage. Mist foliage frequently.
Indoor houseplants will not usually produce fruit. Houseplants are intolerant of winter temperatures below +13C (50F).
Information source: http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?kempercode=d276
Genus - Piper
Species - Nigrum
Common name - Black Pepper
Pre-Treatment - Not-required
Hardiness zones - 4 - 12
Height - 1 - 1,5 m
Plant type - Herb, houseplant, vine
Vegetation type - Evergreen
Exposure - Full sun, Partial Sun
Growth rate - Medium
Soil type - Rich, well-drained, sandy compost
Water requirements - Average
Landscape uses - Commercially grown in tropical areas for pepper. Containers. Hanging baskets when plants are young.
Leaf / Flower color - Green / Yellowish-green
Soak for 12 hours and sow at any time of the year in the depth of the seed size.Keep moist at +20-+25C.
Germination is long and sometimes it takes up to 4-6 weeks or even more. Be patient.
Then seedling is strong enough, replant outside (in warm countries) or in large container.
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