A magnificent, large fir. Mature trees display many, highly attractive, violet-black cones in the upper portion of the crown. It is native to the mountains of Sichuan, China, including the famous Emei Shan where it forms large stands primarily between 2500 and 3000 m (8200 and 10000 ft.) and higher in a cold and wet climate. Its wood is of good quality and mostly used for construction. It also makes an excellent wind shelter. The seeds should be soaked well and need cold stratification for a month.
Likes abundant moisture at the roots, if grown in drier areas it must be given a deep moist soil. Tolerates poor peaty soils. Tolerates various sites. Succeeds in wet cold and shallow soils but is not very wind-firm in shallow soils. Prefers a pH between 4 to 6. Dislikes shade. Intolerant of atmospheric pollution. Resists wind exposure to some degree. Although dormant trees are cold-hardy, the young shoots in spring are often damaged by late frosts. In some upland areas, especially over granitic or other base-poor soils, growth rate and health have been seriously affected by aluminium poisoning induced by acid rain. Plants are strongly outbreeding, self-fertilized seed usually grows poorly. They hybridize freely with other members of this genus. Fairly fast growing after a slow start, trees can average height increases of 30 - 40cm a year. Trees should be planted into their permanent positions when they are quite small, between 30 and 90cm. Larger trees will check badly and hardly put on any growth for several years. This also badly affects root development and wind resistance.
Genus - Abies
Species - Fabri
Common name - Faber Fir
Pre-Treatment - Required
Hardiness zones - 4 - 8
Height - 40 m
Spread - 1.50 m
Plant type - Tree
Vegetation type - Evergreen
Exposure - Full Sun, Partial Sun
Growth rate - Slow
Soil PH - Acidic, Neutral
Soil type - Clay, Loam, Sand
Water requirements - Average Water
Landscape uses - Feature Plant, Screening / Wind Break
Leaf / Flower color - Green / --
Abies seeds need to be "overwintered" or stratified before they will germinate.
1. Soak overnight in warm water.
2. Then pre-chill (stratify) for 30 days. Seeds can be stratified in dampened peat, sand or moist vermiculite , in a plastic box or bag at +4C in a refrigerator. The seeds should not be frozen or in a wet medium.
Seed can be sown in early February in a greenhouse or outdoors in March. Normally will only germinate with light, but the stratification (described above) can help to increase the germination rate.
Sow Abies seeds 2-4 mm deep in the seed sowing mix.
Abies seeds will usually germinate in 21-40 days if overwintered and stratified or about 6 - 8 weeks if sown directly.
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