Hairy stems that support an umbrella-like crown of feathery foliage, staghorn sumac displays a handsome red fruit spike and yellow, red and orange fall color. A deciduous, upright, colonizing large shrub, it is native to much of eastern North America. It often looks like a multi-stemmed, flat-canopy small tree.
Although the bark is smooth and sandy brown, younger twigs are more reddened with a brown fuzz. In late spring the dark green foliage appears. Leaves are held at tops of branches in a layered whorl. Each long, feather-like, compound leaf is made up of many narrow, jagged-edged leaflets. In early summer a tufted spike of creamy yellow-green flowers appears at branch tips, and will become an attractive cluster of crimson red fruits on female plants by early autumn.
The leaves turn yellow in fall and usually have blushes of orange or becoming nearly fully red.
Grow the heat and cold tolerant staghorn sumac in full to partial sun in any average, well-draining soil. As it suckers and creates a small thicket of tall trunks, use it as a windbreak or specimen at the edge of a woodland. It can also aid in hill stabilization and for providing cover for birds and wildlife. (source: learn2grow.com)
Genus - Rhus
Species - Typhina
Common name - Staghorn Sumac
Pre-Treatment - Required
Hardiness zones - 3 - 8
Height - 15'-25' / 4.60 - 8 m
Spread - 12'-20' / 3.70 - 6 m
Plant type - Shrub
Vegetation type - Deciduous
Exposure - Full Sun, Partial Sun
Growth rate - Medium
Soil PH - Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline
Soil type - Clay, laom, Sand, well drained
Water requirements - Drought tolerant, average water
Landscape uses - Screening / Wind Break
Bloom season - Summer
Leaf / Flower color - Green, Dark Green / Yellow Green, Ivory
1. Soak the seeds in a bowl full of +50C (120F) water. Let the water cool completely. Pour off the cool water. Pour more +50C (120F) water onto the seeds and soak until the water cools..
2. Stratify seeds in a plastic bag full of moist sand inside the refrigerator for 90 days. Keep the sand barely moist during the cold stratification period.
3. Sow seed 6 mm (1/4") deep, tamp the soil, keep moist, mulch the seed bed
Can be sown outdoors in the fall for spring germination.
Other: if boiling water treatment does not allow seed to imbibe, sulfuric acid treatment is required.
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