Boulders and alpine plants look at home when in the presence of a mugho pine. This species is a dense, bushy, stiff-needled evergreen shrub native to the mountains of south-central Europe. The curved, twisted, dark green needles are paired. Small cones are borne toward the branch tips. Mugho pine is usually represented in gardens by one of the ubiquitous forms known collectively as the Pumilio Group. Although these are slow growing, they may eventually attain considerable size, especially in spread.
This tough cold-hardy shrub excels with full sun and tolerates most soils that do not become soggy. Its tight, stiff, often rounded habit lends a formal air to foundation plantings, containers, rockeries and mixed borders. Pests such as sawfly larvae are sometimes a problem. The natural variety uncinata can reach tree size although it is quite variable in mature stature.
Information source: http://learn2grow.com/plants/pinus-mugo/
Genus - Pinus
Species - Mugo
Common name - Swiss Mountain Pine
Pre-Treatment - Required, (30 days cold moist stratification)
Hardiness zones - 2 - 7
Height - 1,20 - 3,70 m
Spread - 2,40 - 6 m
Plant type - Bushy Tree
Vegetation type - Evergreen
Exposure - Full Sun, Partial Sun
Growth rate - Slow
Soil PH - Acid, neutral, alkaline
Soil type - Loam, Sand, Well Drained
Water requirements - Average, drought tolerant
Landscape uses - Alpine, Container, Feature Plant, Foundation, Hedges, Mixed Border, Rock Garden, Topiary / Bonsai / Espalier
Leaf / Flower color - Green / --
1. Place the seeds in a container with tepid water and soak them for 24 hours. Change the water and wait another 24 hours.
2. Put the seeds in a small plastic bag and cover with damp sand. Place the bag holding the seeds in the refrigerator for one to two months to stratify the seeds, which is preserving seeds in layers of moisture-laden peat, soil or sand. Check the sand and water as needed to maintain moisture. Don't allow the seeds to get soaked.
3. Fill small pots with compost. Place one or two pine seeds on top of the compost in each pot, then cover the seeds with a thin layer of sand.
4. Water the sand and compost to add moisture, then place the pots in a warm, sunny location. As the seedlings emerge and grow, the soil needs to remain moist, not wet.
5. Repot the pine trees into medium-sized pots in the fall. Grow them in the pots for the following season until they are large and strong enough for transplanting into the landscape.
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