Pinus massoniana is a species of pine, native to Taiwan, and a wide area of central and southern China, including Hong Kong, and northern Vietnam, growing at low to moderate altitudes.
It is an evergreen tree reaching 25–45 m in height, with a broad, rounded crown of long branches. The bark is thick, greyish-brown, and scaly plated at the base of the trunk, and orange-red, thin, and flaking higher on the trunk. The leaves are needle-like, dark green, with two per fascicle, 12–20 cm long and 0.8–1 mm wide, the persistent fascicle sheath 1.5–2 cm long. The cones are ovoid, 4–7 cm long, chestnut-brown, opening when mature in late winter to 4–6 cm broad. The seeds are winged, 4–6 mm long with a 10–15 mm wing. Pollination is in mid spring, with the cones maturing 18–20 months after.
The species is a common trees in plantation forestry for replacing or compensating of the loss of the natural forest in southern China. Chinese rosin is obtained mainly from the turpentine of this pine (Pinus massoniana) and slash pine (Pinus elliottii).
Logs are mainly used to make pulp for paper industry. Leaves are used to give special smoke flavor to a local black tea, such as Lapsang souchong of Fujian province.
Information source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pinus_massoniana
Genus - Pinus
Species - Massoniana
Common name - Chinese Red Pine
Pre-Treatment - Required, (30 days cold moist stratification)
Hardiness zones - 7 - 10
Height - 25 - 45 m
Plant type - Tree
Vegetation type - Evergreen
Exposure - Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade
Growth rate - Medium
Soil PH - Neutral
Soil type - Sandy, loamy
Water requirements - Average
Landscape uses - Ornamental, woodland gardens
Leaf / Flower color - Green / --
1. Place the seeds in a container with tepid water and soak them for 24 hours.
2. Put the seeds in a small plastic bag and cover with damp sand. Place the bag holding the seeds in the refrigerator for one month to stratify the seeds, which is preserving seeds in layers of moisture-laden peat, soil or sand. Check the sand and water as needed to maintain moisture. Don't allow the seeds to get soaked.
3. Fill small pots with compost. Place one or two pine seeds on top of the compost in each pot, then cover the seeds with 6 mm of sand or vermiculite.
4. Water the sand and compost to add moisture, then place the pots in a warm, sunny location. As the seedlings emerge and grow, the soil needs to remain moist, not wet.
5. Repot the pine trees into medium-sized pots in the fall. Grow them in the pots for the following season until they are large and strong enough for transplanting into the landscape.
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