Excellent clump forming plant with aromatic foliage and wonderful "tousled" flowers. Also called Bee Balm, it attracts beneficial insects.
It spreads via stolons and rhizomes to form substantial clumps over time. In mid-spring it sends up square stems lined with opposite, toothed leaves. These are very fragrant when crushed. Its blooms may appear in early or midsummer, depending on geographic location. The terminal flower clusters are comprised of lots flowers subtended by a ruff of burgundy bracts (petal-like modified leaves). The flowers are primarily hummingbird and bee pollinated. When flowers are spent, they turn brown and produce tiny, inconspicuous fruits.
Grows best in full sun and fertile, moderate to well-drained soil that’s evenly moist. It spreads quickly and requires division every two years or so. Deadhead to extend bloom time and prevent self-sowing. This beebalm is highly susceptible to powdery mildew, an unattractive foliar disease. It can be deterred by encouraging good air circulation.
Space plants well and thin out interior stems of too dense. Heavily diseased stems can also be removed to slow mildew spread. Some cultivars have been bred to be mildew resistant.
Information source: http://learn2grow.com/plants/monarda-didyma/
Approximately 100 seeds in 0.1g packet.
Genus - Monarda
Species - Didyma
Common name - Bergamot
Pre-Treatment - Not-required
Hardiness zones - 5 - 9
Height - 0,60 - 1 m
Spread - 0,60 m
Plant type - Perennial flower
Exposure - Full Sun, Partial Sun
Growth rate - Fast
Soil PH - Neutral
Soil type - Clay, loam, sand, well drained
Water requirements - Average
Landscape uses - Cutflower, Herb / Vegetable, Mixed Border, Wildflower
Bloom season - June - September
Leaf / Flower color - Green / Mix
Sow indoors from February to March in trays of seed compost.
Sow thinly, cover lightly with fine compost. Firm gently and keep moist. Cover with glass, clear plastic or propagator lid.
Keep at +15-+20C. Seedlings appear in 14-28 days.
Remove cover then seedlings appear. Grow on at ~+15C.
Transplant in to permanent position after the last frost 30 cm apart.
Remove dead flowers to prolong flowering. Keep moist and weed free.
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