Common hackberry is a deciduous shade tree native to the eastern United States nad extreme southern Canada. The foliage is reminiscent of the American elm but often suffers from small warty galls. It has purple, pea-sized fruit in the fall and readily self seeds and can become invasive. Fall foliage color is a clear yellow. Mature trees have distinctive, coarse ridged bark. It is susceptible to witches-broom.
Common hackberry is a tough plant, tolerant of windy and/or cold winter locations. Plant it in full sun in a wide array of soils. It is a larger shade tree perfect for urban sites as well as unirrigated, open parks and fields. (source: learn2grow.com)
Genus - Celtis
Species - Occidentalis
Common name - Hackberry
Pre-Treatment - Required
Hardiness zones - 2 - 9
Height - 40'-60' / 12 - 18(50) m
Spread - 40'-60' / 12 - 18(50) m
Plant type - Medium Tree
Vegetation type - Deciduous
Exposure - Full Sun
Growth rate - Medium
Soil PH - Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline
Soil type - Clay, loam
Water requirements - Drought Tolerant, Average Water
Landscape uses - Screening / Wind Break, Shade Trees, Street Trees
Bloom season - Spring
Leaf / Flower color - Dark Green / Green
1. Soak the seeds in water for 24 hours.
2. Mix the seeds with moist vermiculite or sterile sand. Place into ziplock bag or airtight container.
3. Keep in the refrigerator for 90 days (cold stratification).
4. After the stratification sow 6-8 mm deep. Keep moist.
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