The European Hackberry (Celtis australis) is a tree species that also goes by the names European Nettle tree and Lote tree.
A decidious Tree growing to 20m by 10m at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone 6. It is in flower in April, and the seeds ripen in October. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees.
The plant prefers light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils, requires well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. The plant prefers acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It requires dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought.
Genus - Celtis
Species - Australis
Common name - European Hackberry
Pre-Treatment - Required
Hardiness zones - 7 - 9
Height - 40' / 12 (25)m
Spread - 40' / 12 m
Plant type - Tree
Vegetation type - Deciduous
Exposure - Full Sun
Growth rate - Medium
Soil PH - Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline
Water requirements - Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater
Landscape uses - Suitable for growing in containers
Bloom season - Mid Spring
Leaf / Flower color - Green / Green
1. Submerge the hackberry seeds in water for at least 24 hours. This softens the seed’s outer core, allowing water and nutrients to penetrate.
2. Dampen enough single sheets of paper towel to accommodate all the hackberry seeds you’re starting. The paper towel should be damp, not soaking wet.
3. Remove a seed from the water and place it into the center of the paper towel. Fold the paper towel to create a pouch. Turn the pouch over to prevent the sides from opening. Repeat this process on the remaining seeds.
4. Place the seeds in a single layer inside a zippered plastic bag. Don’t close the bag before placing it inside a refrigerator. The open bag allows air to flow inside the bag, which is crucial for the seeds to germinate and prevents mold formation.
5. Allow the seeds to remain in the cold until they begin to sprout. Pay attention to the paper towel and moisten when necessary. Once the seeds have sprouted, pull them out of the fridge.
6. Place the seeds in separate plastic pots filled with well-drained soil. Dig a 3/8-inch hole for the sprouted seed. Place the sprouted seed into the hole and backfill with the original dirt. Cover the soil with a thin layer of mulch.
7. Store the plants in a warm area until they have begun to sprout roots. Once this occurs, the hackberry seedlings are ready to be planted. Plant the seeds in an area that receives full sun. The hardy tree thrives in almost any type of soil, including loamy, acidic, alkaline, rich or clay.
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