Approximately 15 seeds in 1g package.
Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius) is most commonly grown as a culinary herb, but it is also used as an ornamental plant for its fuzzy, golden yellow flowers and lengthy blooming period.
The flowers, or stamens, are red, orange or yellow, depending on the variety, and appear as colorful hairs protruding from the bulbous capitulum. The extensive root system consists of a deep tap root reaching as far as 10 feet into the ground. (info source: ehow.com)
The oil is used both as a food and a supplement, while the flower has a role in traditional Chinese medicine for conditions involving the blood and menstruation. Safflower oil is a typical dietary substitute for oils with higher saturated fat content, notes Natural Standard. Research suggests that while this oil may not be helpful for weight loss, it may cause some healthy redistribution of fat.
Safflower adapts to full sun, mesic to dry conditions, and various kinds of soil, including those that contain loam, sandy loam, or clay-loam. It prefers cool to warm temperatures while in the rosette stage, and warm to hot temperatures after it bolts (a warm-temperate zone with long summer days, a long growing season, and adequate rainfall prior to the blooming period).
In areas with high humidity or cool weather during the summer, this plant is vulnerable to a variety of fungal disease organisms. Because of the deep taproot, resistance to heat and drought is excellent.
Safflower is resistant to drought, but will not tolerate cold.
Genus - Carthamus
Species - Tinctorius
Common name - Safflower mixed
Pre-Treatment - Not-required
Hardiness zones - 2 - 10
Height - 0,70 - 0,80 m
Spread - 0,30 m
Plant type - Annual Flower
Exposure - Full Sun, Partial Sun
Growth rate - Fast
Soil PH - Acid, neutral, alkaline (pH 5.4-8.2)
Soil type - Fertilre, well drained
Water requirements - Average Water
Landscape uses - Used both as a food and a supplement, has a role in traditional Chinese medicine
Bloom season - End of summer - beggining of Autumn
Leaf / Flower color - Dark green / Red, yellow, orange
Safflower can be direct sown immediately after the last frost of the season.
Sow at a depth of 2,5 cm in a location with rich, well-drained soil.
Keep well moistened while awaiting germination, and moderate water to the growing start.
If sown indoors in propagator or pots:
Best at temperatures between +20-+22C. Placing the pots on a germination mat will produce the consistently warm conditions ideal for successful germination. If a germination mat is unavailable, the pots can also be placed atop a refrigerator where temperatures remain steady 24 hours a day. The top 4 inches of soil must be kept moderately moist during the germination process, but the top 10-15 mm or so should be allowed to dry out between waterings to prevent overwatering.
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