Berlandiera lyrata, commonly called chocolate flower (also known as lyreleaf green eyes) is native to dry sandy loams, rocky limestone soils, mesas, plains, grasslands and roadsides in Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas and Mexico.
It typically grows to up to 60 cm tall on branched, usually erect but sometimes decumbent stems, and features aromatic, night blooming, daisy-like flowers (3-5 cm diameter) with yellow rays, maroon-brown center discs and green cup-like bracts. Flowers appear on leafless stems. Yellow rays have red veins (sometimes entirely red) on the reverse side.
Leaves are deep green above and whitish below, with irregular pinnate lobes. Flowers bloom at night from late spring to frost, but in frost free areas will bloom year round.
Flowers smell like chocolate, with the aroma being most noticeable in early to mid-morning before the petals close up or drop.
Easily grown in average, dry to medium, well-drained soils in full sun. Tolerates some light shade. Prefers slightly alkaline soils. Good tolerance for heat and drought. May produce more flowers with consistent moisture, but at the cost of stem-drooping.
May self-seed in the garden. Easily grown from seed.
Information source: http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org
Genus - Berlandiera
Species - Lyrata
Common name - Chocolate Flower
Pre-Treatment - Not-required
Hardiness zones - 4 - 10
Height - 0,40 - 0,60 m
Spread - 0,40 - 0,60 m
Plant type - Perennial flower
Exposure - Full Sun
Growth rate - Fast
Soil PH - Neutral, Alkaline
Soil type - Shallow-rocky, well drained
Water requirements - Average Water, drought tolerant
Landscape uses - Perennial border. Wildflower meadow. Naturalized areas. Edger for informal situations.
Bloom season - July - October
Leaf / Flower color - Green / Yellow
Sow seeds inside from February to April in pots. Cover very lightly, keep moist.
Or sow directly outside after the last frost.
Germination in 30-90 days at +17-+20C.
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