The landscape-worthy Adam's needle is certainly the most cultivated of all Yucca species. A widespread native of the eastern United States, it forms bold, dense clusters of long, sharp leaves that look super all season long. In the summer, large spikes of showy ivory flowers are produced. Wild plants are most commonly found growing in open, upland ..
Very tall and narrow in form, subalpine fir looks like a green church spire. A cone-bearing evergreen tree with green needles that have a bluish cast, it is native from the Yukon of Canada southward in the Rocky Mountains to northern Arizona and New Mexico in the United States. Its bark is gray to nearly white, smooth but mildly bumpy.The short but..
The spiny fruits, palmate foliage and stark appearance of the American sweetgum are all unmistakable. This impressive tall, deciduous tree is native to the central and southeastern United States from New York to Florida and across to Texas. Specimens are also said to grow into Mexico and Central America. Sweetgum is an incredibly adaptable hardwood..
Arabian or Arabica coffee is a lovely upright evergreen shrub with graceful gray-barked branches, fragrant white flowers and fruits (drupes) that yield some of the best coffee for drinking. Native to Ethiopia but now cultivated in wooded, high-altitude plantations throughout the tropics, Arabica coffee is by far the most economically important of a..
Balsam fir is a tall coniferous evergreen tree native to the northeastern fifth of the United States and extreme southern Canada. It has a fine pyramidal form and becomes a very tall tree when mature. Its small deep green needles are soft, glossy and smell of sweet balsam. The female cones are full of resin and are brown when mature, and shatter re..
Exceptionally cold hardy and boasting extremely fragrant spring flowers and pretty fall foliage, European birdcherry is a terrific deciduous tree. Hailing from Eurasia, from northern Europe fully eastward to Japan and Korea, it is a large shrub or becomes a good-sized tree if allowed to reach full maturity. It eventually attains a broad and rounded..
Sambucus melanocarpa is a deciduous Shrub growing to 4 m (13ft 1in). It is hardy to zone 6. It is in flower from Jun to July, and the seeds ripen from Aug to September. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects.The plant prefers light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in..
Small, pretty white blossoms in spring, orangey fall color and dark purplish-black berries make black chokeberry a great shrub for naturalistic massed plantings. An upright deciduous shrub that suckers to form a thicket of twigs and leaves, it is native to the moist soils of the eastern United States and a thin sliver of southeastern Canada. Indivi..
A decidious Shrub growing to 3m at a medium rate. It is hardy to zone 4. It is in flower from March to April, and the seeds ripen in October. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects. It is noted for attracting wildlife. The plant prefers light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and ..
Borage is an old herb, known at least since Roman times. It is said that borage gladdens the heart, and surely the purple flowers are cheery. But even the small, young leaves are slightly prickly, and the plant may seem rather coarse to a new gardener. Still, it can add color and interest to any garden, and it has value in the kitchen as well. For ..
This medium-sized evergreen tree comes from the eastern Mediterranean region.The long, stiff, bright green needles of this pine occur in bundles of two. The needles crowd the outer branches, forming a dense crown. In spring, tiny male cones and larger female cones appear near the branch tips. The female cones - which diverge at right angles from th..
It is a large evergreen tree typically up to 40-60 m tall and 2 m trunk diameter, rarely to 76 m tall and 3 m diameter, with a narrow conic crown. Hardy to zone 6. The bark on young trees is smooth, grey, and with resin blisters, becoming orange-red, rough and fissured on old trees. The leaves are needle-like, 2-3.5 cm long, glaucous blue-green abo..
A muscular evergreen conifer, China fir's needled branches are slightly drooping and bear greenish brown cones. Native to China, it has string-like corky bar that is sandy sienna-brown and an upright shape that is rounded to pyramid-like. It is a close relative of the giant redwood (Sequoia)The dark green glossy needles are narrow and prickly, indi..
Chinese holly is a large, broadleaf evergreen shrub native to China and Korea. The squarish, dark green, shiny leaves typically bear conspicuous spines at the tips of their five lobes, although some cultivars have fewer or no spines. Female plants have long-lasting large red berries in fall. The flowers appear in early spring and have little orname..
Pinus massoniana is a species of pine, native to Taiwan, and a wide area of central and southern China, including Hong Kong, and northern Vietnam, growing at low to moderate altitudes.It is an evergreen tree reaching 25–45 m in height, with a broad, rounded crown of long branches. The bark is thick, greyish-brown, and scaly plated at the base of th..
The broad-spreading habit and handsome bark of this medium-sized evergreen recall those of Japanese black pine Pinus thunbergii and Japanese red pine P. densiflora. It is native to mountains and valleys of central and northern China. Medium to long, dark green needles densely clothe the long, horizontal to ascending branches of this pine. The needl..
A beautiful plant for the shade garden, this semi-evergreen herbaceous perennial is native to the mountains of Europe. The large, white, cup-shaped flowers with waxy petals and showy yellow stamens may appear in early winter or early spring, depending on the climate and the cultivar. The blooms sometimes age to pale pink. The hand-shaped, glossy, c..
Despite the common name, Cornelian cherry is actually a dogwood. This deciduous, multi-stemmed shrub to small tree can become quite large with age. It is native to the woods of Europe and western Asian, and is one of the earliest shrubs to bloom there. Its small, yellow flowers appear in late winter to very early spring and are followed by red, che..
Grown commercially for its tart red berries, this creeping broadleaf evergreen shrub from eastern North America also makes an excellent plant for the culinary or ornamental garden. The prostrate stems root at the nodes to eventually form large mats of narrow dark-green leaves which turn bronze or red in winter. Clusters of pinkish urn-shaped flower..
Dahurian larch is a deciduous conifer that is native to northeastern Siberia. Bright green needles turn yellow in fall before falling to the ground. This is a tree of very cold climates, ranging northward inside the Arctic Circle to tree line. In the wild, it grows to 12-18 m (40-60') tall with a broad conic but open crown and horizontal branching...
The deep green towers and pyramids of Eastern Red Cedar are an enduring and widespread presence in abandoned fields and open roadsides all across eastern North America. Appearing in a variety of shapes and sizes, it tends to grow in large colonies, and most commonly forms either a tall, narrow spire or broadly conical tree. It grows slowly to moder..
Berberis vulgaris is also known as common barberry, European barberry or simply barberry, is a shrub in the genus Berberis. It produces edible but sharply acidic berries, which people in many countries eat as a tart and refreshing fruit.The shrub is native to central and southern Europe, northwest Africa and western Asia. it is also naturalised in ..
European cranberrybush is a wonderful deciduous shrub that develops a pleasing round, mounded habit when mature. Its attractive, medium green leaves are maple-like in appearance and turn brilliant hues of yellow, red and dark purple in fall. Many flat clusters of white flowers appear in late spring to early summer, followed by berry-like fruits tha..
The European Hackberry (Celtis australis) is a tree species that also goes by the names European Nettle tree and Lote tree.A decidious Tree growing to 20m by 10m at a medium rate. It is hardy to zone 6. It is in flower in April, and the seeds ripen in October. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Be..
A decidious Shrub growing to 4m by 3m. It is hardy to zone 6. It is in flower from April to May, and the seeds ripen from June to July. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects. The plant prefers light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay soil. The plant pref..
The tall European silver fir reaches great heights with age. Young trees were traditionally used as Christmas trees in Central Europe before North American fir species were introduced to the market. The pyramidal young trees develop wider, more flattened canopies as they grow. They also become enormous. Populations of grand specimens exist througho..
At its showiest, few shrubs are as pretty and effusive as the common smokebush. Its small flowers produce puffy ivory, pink or purple clouds of smoky fruits that persist for a couple of weeks before dissipating. It does not become too large and may be multi-trunked and shrubby or single-trunked and tree-like. Originating from southern Europe to eas..
European white birch is a softly pyramidal tree when young, becoming more rounded at maturity with graceful arching branches. This high-altitude native of northern Europe and Asia features beautiful white, exfoliating bark and deeply-cut, lacy leaves. Small greenish catkins appear in the spring and are quite eye-catching. European white birch is to..
Plants in the genus Cephalotaxus are commonly called plum yews because the foliage resembles that of yews (Taxus) and the fruits (fleshy seeds) on female plants resemble tiny plums. Cephalotaxus fotunei, commonly called Chinese plum yew, is native to Burma and China. It is a coniferous evergreen that typically grows as a small tree or large shrub t..
Break the dreariness of winter with the fragrant flowers that don the wintersweet. Native to the woodlands in China, this slow-growing shrub with an upright but broad shape can begin to look a bit leggy and unkempt with old age. Depending on climate, the bare branches reveal many bowl-shaped flowers that face downward, appearing anytime from midwin..