Asparagus fern is a tuberous, semi-woody perennial native to South Africa. In its native habitat, it is a scrambling subshrub that survives in a wide range of habitats across the southeastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal. These include rocky lands, scrub, coastal dunes and wooded areas. In the landscape and garden, it is grown primarily for its soft, feathery, bright green foliage.
Where winters are mild, it may be planted as a landscape perennial; otherwise it is grown as a tender perennial or house plant.
The evergreen foliage of asparagus fern is fine, bright green and densely lines the slender, wiry green stems of this ornamental. The stems have very small spines that can catch on clothing but are otherwise not a problem. In summer, small waxy white flowers appear along the stems and are followed by inedible bright orange-red berry-like fruit.
Plant asparagus fern in locations with partial shade and average to fertile, well-drained soil. This species will withstand a wide range of well-drained soil types; more specifically it is adapted to clay loam, loam, loamy sand, sandy clay, sandy clay loam and sandy loam soils. Its adaptability may be explained by the terrain it covers in its native South Africa. It will also grow successfully in both slightly acid (5.6 to 7.0) and slightly alkaline (7.0-7.5) soil. Established specimens will withstand limited drought and full sun but too much heat, drought and sun will cause the foliage to turn yellow and drop off. Excess water at the root zone can also cause root rot and defoliation. In temperate zones these are often planted as seasonal annuals.
Enjoy asparagus fern in containers, hanging baskets or as bedding plants; in tropical regions it can be an evergreen groundcover or accent. It will successfully withstand coastal salt spray and wind.
Information source: http://www.plantzafrica.com/plantab/asparagdens.htm
Genus - Asparagus
Species - Densiflorus
Common name - Asparagus Fern
Pre-Treatment - Not-required
Hardiness zones - 3 - 12
Height - 0,30 - 0,40 m
Plant type - Annual or Perennial flower, houseplant
Exposure - Partial Sun, Partial Shade
Growth rate - Fast
Soil PH - Acid, neutral (pH 5,6 - 7,5)
Soil type - Special substarte for houseplants
Water requirements - Average, drought tolerant
Landscape uses - Bedding Plant, Container, Foundation, Groundcover, Hanging Basket, Houseplant, Mixed Border, Tropical
Bloom season - All year long
Leaf / Flower color - Green / White
Seeds can be sown all year long inside. Best tome to sow - in spring from February to April. Just ensure enough of light and warmth.
1. Fill a small bowl with lukewarm water and add the seeds. Allow them to soak overnight.
2. Add moist seed-starting mix to a seed-raising tray up to 2 cm from the top. Tamp down the soil so it's firm in the container. Spread the foxtail fern seeds about 3 cm apart over the soil surface. Sprinkle a 1 cm layer of seed-starting mix over the seeds and lightly tamp it down with your hand to level the surface.
3. Moisten the top layer of soil with a water-filled spray bottle. Cover the seed-raising tray with a piece of plastic wrap to provide a consistent humidity level.
4. Place the seed-raising tray in an area at about +18-20C, so the seeds can germinate. As needed, mist the soil with the spray bottle to keep it evenly moist during the germination period. Expect the seeds to germinate within three to four weeks.
5. Remove the plastic wrap after germination. Place the seed-raising tray near a sunny window so the seedlings can grow.
Information source: http://homeguides.sfgate.com
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