A smaller-sized fir, Korean fir has glossy dark green needles with silvery undersides and blue-violet tinted green cones. A slow growing conifer from the southern half of the Korean peninsula, this is considered one of the more heat-tolerant fir species. It is best in cooler regions, however.
The horizontal branches of this fir tree grow slowly, and are light brown at their tips. The tree becomes a broad pyramid in shape with considerable age. The needles are soft and dark gray-green with a silvery underside. In late spring the male and female cones are light green-pink in color; only the female cones become plump ovals that blush purple to blue-violet before drying to golden brown.
Grow Korean fir in full to partial sun in a moist, well-draining soil that is not alkaline. It is tolerant of summer heat and windy situations but will die in soggy soils. It truly looks its best when grown in regions that have cool summers and cold winters. It is a lovely specimen evergreen for a large building foundation bed to soften the corner or in a lawn or expansive mixed shrub border. (info source: Learn2Grow.com)
Genus - Abies
Species - Koreana
Common name - Korean Fir
Pre-Treatment - Required
Hardiness zones - 5 - 7
Height - 25'-32' / 7.60 - 10 m
Spread - 14'-20' / 4.50 - 6 m
Plant type - Tree
Vegetation type - Evergreen
Exposure - Full Sun, Partial Sun
Growth rate - Slow
Soil PH - Acidic, Neutral
Soil type - Clay, Loam, Well Drained
Water requirements - Drought tolerant, average water
Landscape uses - Feature Plant, Screening / Wind Break
Leaf / Flower color - Green / --
A short period of cold and moist stratification (in the fridge) needed.
1. Soak the seeds in clean water for 24 hours. Fully drain away all of the water and place the seeds in a zip-lock freezer bag. Place the seeds in the fridge. Make sure the seeds during this period not dry out or are waterlogged otherwise the pre-treatment will be ineffective.
2. After 6-8 weeks of the pretreatment seeds are ready to be sown.
3. Sow in a good quality potting compost. It shoudl be sterile and clean, never used before. Firm the compost gently, water and sow the seeds on the surface. Cover the seeds lightly (~2 mm) of vermiculite or sieved compost. Keep moist and at room temperature.
4. Germination will begin in a few weeks.
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