Lithops, also known as living stones, can add an interesting accent to your home or garden.
The succulent plants, which resemble stones and grow a daisy-like flower, come in various shapes, textures and colors.
Originally from southern Africa, lithops can withstand temperatures up to +50C. They're hardy to USDA zones 9 and higher. But are popular as indoor plants all over the world.
Lithops can be grown by division of the adult plant, growing them from seed is economical and can be a rewarding experience.
All living stones require full sun and perfectly drained, nutrient poor, gravelly soil. Care should be taken to provide them with the correct cultural conditions throughout the year. In winter they should be kept in a cool, dry, sunny place where supplemental water can be withheld. It is important to keep these plants bone dry in winter. In the spring months, when last year's foliage has become papery and dry, it is time to offer plants supplemental water and warmth. Always allow the soil to dry out completely between watering. Continue providing water until fall. Once plants have flowered, reduce and eventually refrain from watering plants again until the following spring. Be sure plants are never subjected to temperatures below +5C.
Information sources: Learn2grow.com and homeguides.sfgate.com
Genus - Lithops
Species - Gracilidelineata
Variety - mix
Common name - Living Stone Plant
Germination rate - 88%
Pre-Treatment - Not-required
Plant type - Succulent, perennial, indoors plant
Hardiness zones - 3 - 11
Exposure - Full Sun, Partial Sun
Height - 0,03
Growth rate - Slow
Bloom season - September - October
Leaf / Flower color - -- / Yellow, white, pink
Soil type - perfectly drained, nutrient poor, gravelly
Water requirements - Low, draught tolerant
Landscape uses - Alpine, Container, Houseplant, Rock Garden / Wall
Seeds can be sown all year round inside.
1. Mix equal parts of potting mix and perlite. Moisten the mix with water, and fill it into a pot with drainage holes.
2. Insert seeds in the soil. Cover them lightly with sand or crushed rock.
3. Fill a spray bottle with water and mist the soil with it. Try to keep the soil moist throughout the germination period. Cover the pot with plastic wrap or a glass pane to help promote the soil moisture retention.
4. Place the pot in a warm, sunlit area. Aim for a temperature of approximately +15-20C. Place a heating mat underneath the pot, if needed. Expect the seeds to germinate within about two to 12 weeks.
5. Remove the plastic wrap or glass pane once the seeds germinate. Transplant the seedlings to individual pots when the plants start to crowd and are big enough to handle. Place the pots in a sunny windowsill.
Avoid overwatering the seedlings as they grow. Water them once the top of soil is dry. After about three months, allow the soil to dry completely between watering .
Provide lithops with about five hours of sunlight per day.
Don't expect all the seed to germinate at the same time. Some seeds may take as long as a year to germinate.
Information source: homeguides.sfgate.com
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